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Journal Articles                     
Undergraduate student authors underlined
Graduate students are in green
*Corresponding author(s)


58. M. Rath,^ S. Srivistava,^ E. Carmona, S. Battamur, S. Arumugam, P. Albertus,* T.J. Woehl,* "Transient Colloidal Crystals Fueled By Electrochemical Reaction Products," In review.

^These authors contributed equally

57. Y. Wang, D. Rastogi, K. Malek, J. Sun, M. Ahn, A. Asa-Awuku,* T.J. Woehl,*" Imaging Dissolution Dynamics of Individual NaCl Nanoparticles during Deliquescence with In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy," In review.

56. J. Sun,^ B. Fritsch,^ A. Korner, M. Taherkhani, C. Park, M. Wang, A. Hutzler,* T.J. Woehl,* "Discovery of molecular intermediates and non-classical nanoparticle formation mechanisms by liquid phase electron microscopy and reaction throughput analysis," In review. Pre-print in ChemRxiv.

^These authors contributed equally

55. Z. Wang, Q. Wang, W. Gong, A. Chen, A. Islam, L. Quan, T.J. Woehl, Q. Yan, S. Ren,* "Magnet-in-Ferroelectric Crystals Exhibiting Photomultiferroicity," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 121 (17) e2322361121, Link.

54. T. Chen, Z. Pang, S. He, Y. Li, S. Shrestha, J. Little, H. Yang, T.C. Chung, J. Sun, H. Whitley, I.C. Lee, T. Woehl, T. Li,* L. Hu,* P.Y. Chen,* "Machine Intelligence-Accelerated Discovery of All-Natural Plastic Substitutes," Nature Nanotechnology, Link.


53. A. Chen,^ T.U. Dissanayake,^ J. Sun,^ T.J. Woehl,* "Unraveling chemical processes during nanoparticle synthesis with liquid phase electron microscopy and correlative techniques," Chemical Communications, 2023. Link.

^These authors contributed equally

*Feature Article

52. B. Zhao, V. S. Sivasankar, S. K. Subudhi, S. Sinha, S. Nikfarjam, T. J. Woehl, S. Das, "Three-Dimensional Deposits from Drying Particle-Laden Drops," Langmuir, 2023, 39, 9773–9784. Link.

51. T.U. Dissanayake, J. HughesT.J. Woehl,* "Dynamic surface chemistry and interparticle interactions mediating chemically fueled dissipative assembly of colloids," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2023 650, 972-982. Link.

50. J. Sun, A. Leff, Y. Li, T.J. Woehl,* "Visualizing formation of high entropy alloy nanoparticles with liquid phase transmission electron microscopy," Nanoscale, 2023, 15, 10447-10457. Link.

49. Y.S. Huang, C.Y. Lee, M. Rath, V. Ferrari, H. Yu, T.J. Woehl, J.H. Ni, I. Takeuchi, C. Ríos,* "Tunable structural transmissive color in fano-resonant optical coatings employing phase-change materials, Materials Today Advances, 18, 100364. Link.

48. G. Chandel,^ J. Sun,^ S. Ethan, B. Zhao, V.S. Sivasankar, S. Nikfarjam, M. Wang, D. Hines, A. Dasgupta, T.J. Woehl, S. Das,* "Direct Visualization of Nanoparticle Morphology in Sintered Nanoparticle Ink Traces and the Relationship Between Nanoparticle Morphology, Incomplete Polymer Removal, and Trace Conductivity," Nanotechnology, 2023, 34, 365705. Link.

^Equal author contribution

47. J. M. Little, J. Sun, A. K., A. J. Chen, A. C. Leff, L. Yang, L. K. Borden, T.U. Dissanayake, D. Essumang, B. O. Oseleononmen, D. Liu, T. J. Woehl,* P.Y. Chen,* "Noble Metal Ion-Directed Assembly of 2D Materials for Heterostructured Catalysts and Microstructural Metallic Texturing," Advanced Functional Materials, 2023, 2215222. Link.

46. M. Rath, A. Fear, T.J. Woehl,* S. Raghavan,* "Pearl-Like Sheen in Soft Capsules: An Unusual Optical Effect that is Reversibly Induced by Temperature," Advanced Functional Materials, 2023, 2213107. Link.

45. Y. Wang,^ D. Rastogi,^ J. Sun, K. Malek, A. Asa-Awuku, T.J. Woehl,* "Electric Field-Induced Water Condensation Visualized by Vapor-Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy," Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2023, 127, 2545-2553. Link.

44. A. Chen,^ A. Leff,^ J. Boltersdorf,* T.J. Woehl,* "Examining Silver Deposition Pathways onto Gold Nanorods with Liquid-Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy," Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2023, 14, 1379-1388. Link.

43. S. Nikfarjam, R. Gibbons, F. Burni, S. Raghavan, M. Anisimov, T.J. Woehl,* "Chemically Fueled Dissipative Cross-Linking of Protein Hydrogels Mediated by Protein Unfolding," Biomacromolecules, 2023, 24, 1131–1140. Link.


42. M. Wang, C. Park, T.J. Woehl,* "Real-Time Imaging of Metallic Supraparticle Assembly during Nanoparticle Synthesis," Nanoscale, 2022, 14, 312-319Link.


41. M. Rath, J. Weaver, M. Wang, T.J. Woehl,* "pH mediated aggregation to separation transition for colloids near electrodes in oscillatory electric fields," Langmuir, 2021, 37, 9346-9355. Link

​​​​​​​​​40. T.U. Dissanayake, M. Wang, T.J. Woehl,* "Visualizing electron beam reactions with nanoparticle capping ligands during liquid phase scanning transmission electron microscopy," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2021, 13, 37553-37562. Link.

39. Meng Ding, Shuo Li, Lu Guo, Lin Jing, Si-Ping Gao, Haitao Yang, Joshua M. Little, T.U. Dissanayake, Kerui Li, Jie Yang, Yong-Xin Guo, Hui Ying Yang, T.J. Woehl, Po-Yen Chen,* "Metal Ion-Induced Assembly of MXene Aerogels via Biomimetic Microtextures for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding, Capacitive Deionization, and Microsupercapacitors," Advanced Energy Materials, 2021, 11, 2101494. Link.

38. M. Wang, A. Leff, Y. Li, T.J. Woehl,* "Visualizing ligand-mediated bimetallic nanocrystal formation pathways with liquid phase transmission electron microscopy," ACS Nano, 2021, 15, 2578-2588. Link. See press releases at and


37. S. Nikfarjam, E. V. Jouravleva, M.A. Anisimov, T.J. Woehl, "Effects of Protein Unfolding on Aggregation and Gelation in Lysozyme Solutions," Biomolecules, 202010, 1262. Link.

36. T.J. Woehl,* T. Moser, J.E. Evans, F.M. Ross,  "Electron beam-driven chemical processes during liquid-phase transmission electron microscopy," MRS Bulletin, 2020, 45, 746-753. Link.

35. T.J. Woehl,* "Nanocrystal Formation during Liquid Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Precursor Conversion, Nucleation, and Growth," Chemistry of Materials, 

2020, 32, 7569-7581. Link. (Invited 'Up and Coming' perspective article)

34. N. Wong, N.V. Uchida, T.U. Dissanayake, M. Iqbal, M. Patel, T.J. Woehl,* "Detection and Sizing of Sub-Micron Particles in Biologics with Interferometric Scattering Microscopy," Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, 2020, 109, 881-890. Link.


33. T.J. Woehl,* "Refocusing In situ Electron Microscopy: Moving Beyond Visualization of Nanoparticle Self-Assembly to Gain Practical Insights into Advanced Material Fabrication," ACS Nano, 2019, 13, 12272-12279. (Invited perspective) Link.

32. S. Nikfarjam, M. Ghorbani, S. Adhikari, A.J. Karlsson, E.V. Jouravleva, T.J. Woehl,* M.A. Anisimov,* "Irreversible Nature of Mesoscopic Aggregates in Lysozyme Solution," Colloid Journal, 2019, 81, 546-554. Link.

31. L. Torres, J. Daristotle, O. Ayyub, B.M. Bellato, A. Margaronis, H. Garimella, S. Seifert, N.M. Bedford, T.J. Woehl, P. Kofinas, "Structurally Colored Protease Responsive Nanoparticle Hydrogels with Degradation-Directed Assembly," Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 17904-17912. Link.

30.  M. Wang, T.U. Dissanayake, C. Park, K. Gaskell, T.J. Woehl,* "Nanoscale mapping of non-uniform heterogeneous nucleation kinetics mediated by surface chemistry," Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2019, 141, 13516-13524. Link.
See press releases at Nanowerk and

29. Y. Wu, S. Holdren, Y. Zhang; S. C. Oh, D. T. Tran, L. Emdadi, Z. Lu, M. Wang, T. J. Woehl, M. Zachariah, Y. Lei, D. Liu, "Quantification of Rhenium Oxide Dispersion on Zeolite: Effect of Zeolite Acidity and Mesoporosity," Journal of Catalysis, 2019, 372, 128-141. Link.

28. M.J. Young, T. Kiryutina, N.M. Bedford, T.J. Woehl, C.U. Segre, "Anion Insertion Electrochemistry in Layered Cobalt Hydroxide," Scientific Reports, 2019, 9, 2462. Link.

27. X. Han, M. Wang, M.L. Le, N.M. Bedford, T.J. Woehl, V.S. Thoi, "Effects of Substrate Porosity in Copper-loaded Carbon Aerogels for Selective Electrocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction," Electrochimica Acta, 2019, 297, 545-552. Link.


26. M. Wang, C. Park, T.J. Woehl,* "Quantifying the Nucleation and Growth Kinetics of Electron Beam Nanochemistry with Liquid Cell Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy," Chemistry of Materials, 2018, 30, 7727-7736. Link.

23. A.E. Sikaroudi, D.A. Welch, T.J. Woehl, R. Faller, J.E. Evans, N.D. Browning, C. Park, "Directional Statistics of Preferential Orientations of Two Shapes in Their Aggregate and its Application to Nanoparticle Aggregation," Technometrics, 2018, 1-13. Link

22. T.J. Woehl†,* and P. Abellan†, "Defining the Radiation Chemistry during Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy to Enable Visualization of Nanoparticle Growth and Degradation Dynamics," Journal of Microscopy, 2017, DOI: 10.111/jmi.12508. Link. (Invited review article) (†Equal author contribution)

Prior to University of Maryland


21. H. Ramezani-Dakhel, N.M. Bedford, T.J. Woehl, M.R. Knecht, R. Naik, and H. Heinz, "Nature of Peptide Wrapping onto Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts and Driving Forces for Size Control," Nanoscale, 2017,9, 8401-8409. Link

20. S. Candelaria, N.M. Bedford, T.J. Woehl, N. Rentz, A. Showalter, S. Pylypenko, B. Bunker, S. Lee, B. Reinhart, Y. Ren, S. Ertem, B.E. Coughlin, N. Sather, J. Horan, A. Herring, L. Greenlee, "Multi-Component Fe-Ni Hydroxide Nanocatalyst for Oxygen Evolution and Methanol Oxidation Reac-tions under Alkaline Conditions," ACS Catalysis, 2017, 7, 365-379. Link


19. B.D. Briggs, J.P. Palafox-Hernandez, Y. Li, C.-K. Lim, T.J. Woehl, N.M. Bedford, S. Seifert, M.T. Swihart, P.N. Prasad, T.R. Walsh, and M.R. Knecht, "Toward a Modular Multi-material Nanoparticle Synthesis and Assembly Strategy via Bionanocombinatorics: Bifunctional Peptides for Linking Au and Ag Nanomaterials," Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2016, 18, 30845-30856. Link.

18. N.M. Bedford, A.R. Schowalter, T.J. Woehl, Z.E. Hughes, S. Lee, B. Reinhart, S.P. Ertem, E.B. Coughlin, Y. Ren, T.R. Walsh, B.A. Bunker, "Peptide-Directed PdAu Nanoscale Surface Segregation: Toward Controlled Bimetallic Architecture for Catalytic Materials," ACS Nano 2016, 10, 8645–8659. Link



13. T.J. Woehl* and T. Prozorov, “The Mechanisms for Nanoparticle Surface Diffusion and Chain Self-Assembly Determined from Real-Time Nanoscale Kinetics in Liquid,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119, 21261-21269.

12. C. Park, T.J. Woehl, J.E. Evans, N.D. Browning, “Minimum Cost Multi-way Data Association for Optimizing Multitarget Tracking of Interacting Objects,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2015, 37, 611-624. 

11. T.J. Woehl, B.J. Chen, K.L. Heatley, N.H. Talken, S.C. Bukosky, C.S. Dutcher, W.D. Ristenpart, “Bifurcation in the Steady-State Height of Colloidal Particles Near an Electrode in Oscillatory Electric Fields: Evidence for a Tertiary Potential Minimum,” Physical Review X, 2015, 5, 011023.


10. S. Kashyap, T.J. Woehl, X. Liu, S. Mallapragada, T. Prozorov, “Nucleation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Mediated by Mms6 Protein In Situ,” ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 9097-9106.

9. T.J. Woehl, K.L. Heatley, N.H. Talken, C.S. Dutcher, W.D. Ristenpart, “Electrolyte Dependent Aggregation of Colloidal Particles Near Electrodes in Oscillatory Electric Fields,” Langmuir 2014, 30, 4887-4894.

8. T.J. Woehl, S. Kashyap, E. Firlar, T. Perez-Gonzalez, D. Faivre, D. Trubitsyn, D.A. Bazylinski, T. Prozorov, “Correlative Electron and Fluorescence Microscopy of Magnetotactic Bacteria in Liquid: Toward In Vivo Imaging,” Scientific Reports, 2014, 4.


7. S. Kashyap, T.J. Woehl, C. Valverde-Tercedor, M. Sanchez-Quesada, C. Jiminez Lopez, T. Prozorov, “Visualization of iron-binding micelles in acidic recombinant biomineralization protein, MamC,” Journal of Nanomaterials 2014, 2014.

6. P. Abellan, T.J. Woehl, L.R. Parent, N.D. Browning, J.E. Evans, I. Arslan, “Factors influencing quantitative liquid (scanning) transmission electron microscopy,” Chemical Communications, 2014, 50, 4873-4880. *Featured on back cover, See highlight at


5. T.J. Woehl, C. Park, J.E. Evans, I. Arslan, W.D. Ristenpart, N.D. Browning, “Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate,” Nano Letters 2013, 14, 373-378. *See highlight on DOE website

4. C.S. Dutcher†, T.J. Woehl†, N.H. Talken, W.D. Ristenpart, “Hexatic-to-Disorder Transition in Colloidal Crystals Near Electrodes: Rapid

Annealing of Polycrystalline Domains,” Physical Review Letters 2013, 6, 128302. †Equal author contribution

3. T.J. Woehl, K.L. Jungjohann, J.E. Evans, I. Arslan, W.D. Ristenpart, N.D. Browning, “Experimental procedures to mitigate electron beam induced artifacts during in situ imaging of nanomaterials,” Ultramicroscopy 2013, 127, 53-63. *Top 25 cited Ultramicroscopy article since 2011.


2. T.J. Woehl,* J.E. Evans, I. Arslan, W.D. Ristenpart, N.D. Browning, “Direct in situ determination of the mechanisms controlling nanoparticle nucleation and growth,” ACS Nano 2012, 6, 8599-8610. *Featured on the October ACS Nano Podcast

1. L.R. Parent, D.B. Robinson, T.J. Woehl, W.D. Ristenpart, J.E. Evans, N.D. Browning, I. Arslan, “Direct in situ observation of nanoparticle synthesis in a liquid crystal surfactant template,” ACS Nano 2012, 6, 3589-3596.

17. T.J. Woehl* and R.R. Keller, “Dark-Field Image Contrast in Transmission Scanning Electron Microscopy: Effects of Substrate Thickness and Detector Collection Angle,” Ultramicroscopy 2016, 171, 166-176.

16. R. Wagner†, T.J. Woehl†, R.R. Keller, J.P. Killgore, “Detection of Atomic Force Microscopy Cantilever Displacement with a Transmitted Electron Beam,” Applied Physics Letters 2016, 109, 043111.

†Equal author contribution

15. T.J. Woehl,* R.M. White, R.R. Keller, “Dark-Field Scanning Transmission Ion Microscopy via Detection of Forward Scattered Helium Ions with a Multichannel Plate,” Microscopy & Microanalysis 2016, 22, pp. 544-550.

14. D.A. Welch, T.J. Woehl, C. Park, R. Faller, J.E. Evans, N.D. Browning, “Understanding the Role of Solvation Forces on the Preferential Attachment of Nanoparticles in Liquid,” ACS Nano, 2016, 10, 181 – 187.

Book Chapters

1. T.J. Woehl and T. Prozorov, "Future Prospects for Biomolecular, Biomimetic and Biomaterials Research Enabled by New Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy Techniques" Chapter 23 in Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy, ed. Frances Ross, New York, NY: Cambridge UP, 2016. Link

2. P. Abellan and T.J. Woehl, "Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy for the Study of Growth Dynamics of Nanomaterials and Structure of Soft Matter" in In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials, Vol. 8, Springer Press, 2018. Link


1. T.J. Woehl, R.B. Wagner, J. Kilgore, R.R. Keller, "Electron Vibrometer and Determining Displacement of a Cantilever," US 10,060,946 B2, 2018. Link.

2. T.J. Woehl, M. Wang, "Electrochemical measurement of electron beam-induced pH change during liquid cell electron microscopy," US 11,264,199 B2, 2022. Link.

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